1Mohammed VI University Medical Center, Marrakesh, Morocco, Marrakesh, Morocco
The Covid-19, in being a peculiar experience for the world at large, constitutes a traumatic event which may leave people with a debilitating experience of posttraumatic stress. The aim of this work is to investigate the incidence of symptoms of posttraumatic stress in a survey of infected and non-infected respondents in Morocco, and determine the risk factors.
Material(s) and Method(s):
An online survey was conducted in 111 respondents and required them to fill out an online form.
Of 111 respondents, (average age: 24.3 ± 3.7 years), 21 (18.9%) reported having been infected by the Covid-19 virus. Also, 72 (64.5%) said they had a close relation who was infected, and 29 (26.1%) report knowing a close person who passed away from the infection. As to whether they frequently suspected being infected, 61 (55%) answered yes. The majority of respondents (63 persons or 56.8%) never got tested. Overall, 71 (64.5%) respondents met the criteria for possible posttraumatic stress syndrome. Out of all respondents, 47 (42.3%) reported having had intrusions about experiences during the pandemic, 45 (40.5%) reported avoiding things or situations that reminded them of past Covid experiences, 43 (38.7%) reported having negative moods and thoughts concerning Covid, 33 (29.7%) reported having sleep or some other behavioral disturbances. Females reported relatively more symptoms than males (82.3% versus 69.0%) but the difference did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.092). Factors associated with symptoms were whether one was a Moroccan or a foreigner (p= 0.026), whether one knew a person who died from Covid infection or not (p= 0.026), or whether one was infected by Covid or not (p= 0.002).
Posttraumatic stress syndrome is a frequent sequela of the Covid-19 pandemic and should be recognized as such by all in order for people to seek help to ensure a smooth return to normal life again.