1 Ahmed Samir Mahmoud Ali Abdelfattah
1Baish General Hospital, Baish, Saudi Arabia
Few studies have estimated the psychiatric morbidity among adolescents in secondary schools in Egypt. Objectives of this study were to describe such disorders, identify those students with problems, and evaluate the relationship between their problems and some variables related to them.
Material(s) and Method(s):
The study was done on 542 students (263 male [48.5 %] and 279 female [51.5%]), age range 15—18 years; those in urban 333 [61.4 %] while in rural area 209 [38.6] with exclusion of deaf and blind. The researcher used Child & Adolescent behavior checklist, General health Questionnaire (GHQ), Clinical interview. Students with +ve. score on GHQ were clinically interviewed, and the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders were done according to the diagnostic and statistically manual of mental disorder fourth version revised version (DSM IV TR).
The study found that about (22%) of Secondary school adolescents suffers from one or more of the psychiatric disorders as follows; Depression 21.4 %, ADHD 15.9 %, GAD 12.6 % Adjustment disorder 12.6 %, OCD 9.5 %, conduct disorder 6.3 %, Oppositional deviant dis. 5.6 %, Separation anxiety dis. & Motor tics 4.8 %, nocturnal enuresis 3.9 %, social phobia 2.7 %, no one complained of drug abuse or psychotic dis. The following socio demographic risk factors are statistically correlated to the psychiatric morbidity, age, sex, number of brothers, economic status and place of living.
Was made that the mental health of Secondary school adolescents should be assessed, as they may be at risk for mental health problems. Preventive and therapeutic interventions are recommended.